The sustainable industrial and socio-economic development of São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) is heavily dependent on reforming the energy sector and transitioning from an almost complete reliance on fossil fuels to renewable energy (RE) coupled with energy efficiency (EE). However, introducing RE and EE products and services into the market is hampered by a wide range of demand-side and supply-side barriers, which need to be addressed simultaneously.
These were prepared during 2020 and 2021 under the leadership of the General Directorate of Natural Resources and Energy (DGRNE) of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Natural Resources (MIRN) and by the National Sustainable Energy Platform (PNES). The targets described in the NEEAP and the NREAP were validated by the STP Government through a participatory process led by PNES/DGRNE, involving the exchange of opinions and information, a series of meetings and discussions with PNES/DGRNE, and revisions of the draft plans by PNES/DGRNE and UNIDO. The process was coordinated with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the World Bank (WB), the African Development Bank (AfDB) and others.
The NREAP and NEEAP provide the Government with practical guidance on how to make the energy transition a reality by 2030 and 2050. Based on energy modeling using Low Emissions Analysis Platform (LEAP) software, the NREAP and NEEAP propose a low-carbon scenario that will significantly reduce the country's energy costs and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Energy transition is a prerequisite for the achievement of important national, regional and global policy goals.
The energy and climate technology information presented on this website in the form of publications, case studies, tools etc. has been shared by the GN-SEC Members, Knowledge Partners and other experts within the field. The content is for information and educational purposes only and no legal liability or other responsibility is accepted by or on behalf of UNIDO for any misinformation on this site, or any site to which these pages connect. UNIDO accepts no responsibility for any loss, damage or inconvenience caused as a result of reliance on the information provided.